Tuesday, June 17, 2008

India Terrorist Attacks/Incidents From 1993 to 2008


1993 - 2008


2008 - 13 May
9 bomb blasts in 6 areas of Jaipur At least 60 people killed and 150 wounded in what police said was a terror attack in the popular tourist city of Jaipur in the western state of Rajasthan.

2007 - 23 November: Six consecutive serial blasts rocked Lucknow, Varanasi and Faizabad courts in Uttar Pradesh on 23 November 2007 afternoon in a span of 25 minutes, in which reportedly many people were killed and several others injured. Bombs were explicitly targeted to the lawyers who were working in courts premises at these cities. The first blast occurred in Varanasi civil court and collectorate premises between 13:05 and 13:07 pm. Two successive blasts occurred in Faizabad district court around 13:12 and 13:15, closely followed by one at Lucknow at 13:32.At least 13 people were killed from serial blasts outside courts in three north Indian cities and 40 people wounded following a threatening email sent to television channels just minutes before the blasts. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/23_November_2007_Uttar_Pradesh_serial_blasts

2007 - 25 August: The Hyderabad bombings refers to the incident in which two bombs exploded almost simultaneously on 25 August 2007 in Hyderabad, capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The first bomb exploded in Lumbini Amusement Park at 19:45 hrs IST. The second bomb exploded five minutes later at 19:50 in Gokul Chat Bhandar, a popular restaurant about 5 kilometres (3 mi) away. At least 42 people were reported to have died in the two bombings. Two more bombs were defused in other parts of the city. According to initial reports, the banned Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami militant outfit of Bangladesh is suspected for the serial blasts. At least 43 people killed and more than 70 others injured as two bombs rock a crowded outdoor auditorium and a popular eatery in two blasts in Hyderabad's Lumbini park. The police reportedly managed to find and defuse another bomb in the same area. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/25_August_2007_Hyderabad_bombings

2007 - 18 May: At least 13 people were killed, including 4 killed by the Indian police in the rioting that followed, in the bombing at 17th century Mecca Mosque Masjid in Hyderabad that took place during the Friday prayers. Five more killed when police fired at Muslim protesters.

2007 - 18 February: The 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings were an alleged terrorist attack that occurred around midnight on 18 February 2007 on the Samjhauta Express, a twice-weekly train service connecting Delhi, India, and Lahore, Pakistan. Bombs were set off in two carriages, both filled with passengers, just after the train passed Diwana station near the Indian city of Panipat, 90 kilometres (50 miles) north of New Delhi. Sixty-eight people were killed in the ensuing fire and dozens more were injured. Of the 68 fatalities, most were Pakistani civilians, but the victims included some Indian civilians and Indian military personnel guarding the train. Samjhauta Express bombings

2006 - 8 September: at least 37 people killed and 125 injured in a series of bomb blasts in the vicinity of a mosque in Malegaon town, Maharashtra state, 260 km northeast of Mumbai.

2006 - 11 July: Bombay Suburb Train Blasts - The toll in the serial blasts that took place in the city rose to 190. Police said 190 persons were killed and another 625 injured in the blasts that took place in first class compartments of trains at Mira-Bayandhar, Jogeshwari, Mahim, Santacruz, Khar, Matunga and Borivli on the Western Railway on the 11th of July between 6:00 and 6:40pm. Over 200 suspects had been rounded up as a result of the ongoing investigation, with no group claiming responsibility suspicion has fallen on the Lashkar-e-Taiba and SIMI. A possible hurdle to the ongoing peace process has been created with both India and Pakistan exchanging acrimonious comments over the incident. The National Security Advisor M.K. Narayanan in fact accused Pakistan of complicity in the blasts.

2006 - 1 June: Attack on RSS Headquarters. Three militants were killed in an attack on RSS Headquarters. Police said the militants attempted to drive a white Ambassador car, fitted with a red light, towards the building at dawn. They were killed in an exchange of fire with security personnel, on being challenged.

2006 - 1 May: Massacre of Hindus and Gujjars, Doda & Udhampur, J&K. 35 Hindu villagers were killed in two separate terrorist attacks in the districts of Doda and Udhampur. Twenty two residents of the mountain hamlets of Kulhand and Tharva, were shot dead outside their homes late at night. Thirteen shepherds were shot dead north of the Lalon Galla, a high-altitude meadow above the town of Basantgarh.

2006 - 14 April: Fourteen people, including a woman and a girl, injured in two explosions at New Delhi's Jama Masjid, India's largest mosque, after Friday evening prayers.

2006 - 7 March: Three Blasts in Varanasi. The first explosion occurred in Sankat Mochan temple near Benaras Hindu University. Many pilgrims were in the temple, as Tuesdays are considered particularly holy by devotees of Hanuman, the deity of the Sankat Mochan shrine. Two other explosions occurred at the Cantonment railway station — one in the Shivganga Express bound for Delhi and another in a waiting hall. At least 100 people were injured. Six bombs were found from other areas in the city, including in a restaurant frequented by foreigners. A mastermind of the Varanasi blasts and five of his accomplices were arrested on the April 6, 2006 by the Uttar Pradesh police. A module of the Bangladesh-based Harkat-ul-Jehadi-Islamia (HuJI) was also discovered. Wali Ullah and his associates were arrested from different parts of the state and a large quantity of arms and ammunition recovered from them.

2005 - 28 December: Attack on the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. A senior scientist from New Delhi was killed and at least five persons were injured when assailants opened fire and lobbed grenades at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc.) Suspected terrorists of the Lakshar-e-Taiba barged into the prestigious Indian Institute of Science campus and opened fire indiscriminately killing a retired professor of IIT Delhi and injuring four others.

2005 - 29 October:
Three Powerful Blasts in New Delhi At least 70 persons were killed and several injured in three powerful serial explosions on the evening of October 29, 2005, ahead of the major Hindu festival of Diwali in New Delhi. While two bombs went off at busy marketplaces [Paharganj and Sarojini Nagar], one exploded inside a Delhi Transport Corporation bus [near Govindpuri]. No terrorist outfit has so far claimed responsibility. The first explosion took place around 5.25 p.m. at Chheh Tuti Chowk in Paharganj, central Delhi, and the bus blast at 5.40 p.m. at Govindpuri in South Delhi and the third and most powerful one at 5.45 p.m. at the Sarojini Nagar market in South-West Delhi. An explosive device was defused outside the State Bank of Bikaner at Chandni Chowk in the Old City area. Chargesheets were eventually filed against Tariq Ahmed Dar and Rafiq Shah in this case.

2005 - 18 October: Ghulam Nabi Lone, Education Minister of J&K Killed, Srinagar. The Jammu and Kashmir Minister of State for Education Ghulam Nabi Lone was shot dead by a militant, while CPI (M) State secretary M.Y. Tarigami escaped unhurt in a similar bid in the high-security Tulsi Bagh area of Srinagar on October 18, 2005. Two security guards and a civilian were also killed in the incidents, for which the Islamic Front and Al- Mansoorein had claimed responsibility.

2005 - 28 July:
Jaunpur Train Bombing. At least 10 people were killed and more than 50 others injured in the explosion on the Shramjivi Express in Uttar Pradesh. Traces of the high explosive RDX had been found in the compartment where the blast occurred. Two Bangladeshi nationals belonging to the banned outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) were arrested at New Delhi railway station by the Special Cell on February 28, 2006.

2005 - 5 July: -
Ram Janmabhoomi Attack in Ayodhya Six heavily armed militants, who made an attempt to storm the high security makeshift Ram temple in Ayodhya were killed before they could reach the shrine. The attackers came in an ambassador car at around 9:00am, following an explosive-laden jeep, which they rammed into the security barricade to breach the cordon. While one militant who rammed the jeep was killed, five others were killed in the encounter with security personnel from the CRPF [Central Reserve Police Force] and PAC [Provincial Armed Constabulary]. A woman devotee was killed in the crossfire while a tourist guide was killed because of the explosion. The driver of the ambassador car has been arrested and three security men were injured in the operation, which lasted nearly one-and-half-hours. Police sources said that the militants were disguised as devotees. The consequences of a successful assault on the “makeshift” temple would have been catastrophic for communal harmony. The attack was similar to the attack on the Jammu and Kashmir legislature in that a combination of suicide car-bombers and conventional small-arms attack was used.

2004 - 15 August: An explosion occurred in Assam in which 10-15 people died, including some school children. This explosion was reportedly carried out by ULFA. The ULFA has obliquely accepted responsibility for the blast. This appears to be the first instance of ULFA admitting to public killings with an incendiary device. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Liberation_Front_of_Assam

2003 - 25 August: - Twin Car Bombs in Mumbai Two powerful car-bomb explosions took place in South Mumbai killing at least 46 persons and injuring over 160. The first of the two blasts, several kilometres apart took place at 1.03 p.m. in the crowded Jhaveri Bazar, close to the temple of Mumbadevi. The second, four minutes later, occurred in a pay-and park facility close to the famed Gateway of India and the Taj Mahal Hotel. The timing of the blasts and the choice of locations were apparently decided for causing the maximum damage.

2003 - 13 March: A bomb attack on a commuter train in Mumbai kills 11 people. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2848123.stm

2002 - 24 September: Akshardham Hindu Temple Attack, Gujarat. The siege of the Akshardham temple complex of the Swaminarayan sect ended after a commando operation. The two terrorists who stormed it the previous evening were killed. A total of 29 individuals including 16 women and four children, were killed in the terrorist attack and 74 were injured, a few of them seriously. A National Security Guard commando was also killed and one critically wounded in the operation. Two State police commandos lost their lives while rescuing the people trapped in the complex before the NSG men took position. The Prevention of Terrorism Act court on July 1, 2006 awarded death sentence to three persons in the 2002 Akshardham temple terror attack case.

2002 - 21 December:
Kurnool train crash The derailment and crash of a passenger train in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. The train was and express passenger service travelling between Hyderabad and Bangalore, entered Kurnool district at 1.00am, when it suddenly derailed, throwing the engine and seven carriages off the track and into one another. Twenty people were killed in the wreckage or died later in hospital, as local people flocked to the train to help those injured. Later reports agreed that the crash was caused by sabotage. No terrorist organisation took credit, and no motive for causing the crash could be established.

2002 - 10 September:
Rafiganj Rail Disaster The Rafiganj rail disaster was the derailment of a train on a bridge over the Dhave River in North-Central India. At least 130 people were killed in the accident, which was reportedly due to sabotage by a local Maoist terrorist group, the Naxalites.

2002 - 21 May: Firing at Hurriyat meeting; Abdul Ghani Lone killed, Srinagar. Abdul Gani Lone, senior leader of the the separatist All-Parties Hurriyat Conference was shot dead by unidentified gunmen in Srinagar, a day ahead of the visit of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to Kashmir valley.6 Shortly after the assassination Indian intelligence learned that three operatives, codenamed Abu Hadid, Abu Hamza and Abu Rahel, carried out the execution. The rally on May 21 was held to commemorate the assassination of religious leader Mirwaiz Mohammad Farooq by the Hizbul Mujahideen in 1990.

2002 - 14 May: Massacre of Family Members of Army Personnel, Kaluchak, J&K. At least 30 persons, most of them members of families of Army personnel, were killed and over 60 wounded in one of the militant suicide attacks in Jammu on the Kaluchak cantonment area. As a result of the attack security was beefed up at all cantonments around the country.

2002 - 27 February: Godhra Train Burning The Godhra train burning incident occurred in the town of Godhra in the Indian state of Gujarat at 0630 hrs. One of the coaches (Coach #S6) of a train named the "Sabarmati Express" was set on fire right after it left the train station. The coach was occupied by Hindu religious pilgrims called Kar Sevaks who were returning from Ayodhya. 58 Hindu pilgrims (23 men, 15 women and 20 children) who were inside, were burnt alive, and the coach was completely gutted by the fire. The fire started during an attack by a Muslim mob following an altercation between the Hindu pilgrims and local Muslims when the train was in platform.

2002 - 22 January: Attack on American cultural centre, Kolkata. Militants attacked an American cultural centre in Kolkata killing at least four police officers and injuring 21. Police arrested at least 50 suspects in the aftermath of the incident. The government accused Pakistan of involvement in the attack.

2001 - 13 December:
Attack on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. Militants attacked the Indian Parliament in which nine policemen and parliament staffer were killed. All five terrorists were killed by the security forces and were identified as Pakistani nationals. The attack took place around 11:40 am (IST), minutes after both Houses of Parliament had adjourned for the day. The suspected terrorists dressed in paramilitary uniforms entered Parliament in a car through the VIP gate of the building. Senior Ministers and over 200 Members of Parliament were inside the Central Hall of Parliament when the attack took place. The attack also led to a military standoff between Pakistan and India [“Operation Parakram”].

2001 - 1 October: Attack on J&K State Legislative Assembly, Srinagar. A car bomb exploded near the State Assembly killing 38 people. The bombing was followed by an armed assault into the Assembly premises by three armed terrorists.

2000 - 20 March: Massacre at Chattisinghpora, J&K. On the eve of President Clinton’s visit, militants massacred 35 Sikhs in the village of Chattisinghpora.1 The militants were dressed in Indian Army uniforms, a tactic which is now commonly used by the insurgents. No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

1998 - 14 February:
Coimbatore bombings The 1998 Coimbatore bombings occurred in the city of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. 46 persons - 35 men, 10 women and one child - were killed and over 200 injured in 13 bomb attacks in 11 places , all of them within a 12km radius, 4 bombs were planted at R S Puram area, two near Bus Stand, 1 near Coimbatore Medical College Hospital and at Ukkadam area. These car bombs was the work of Muslim fundamentalist group "Al Umma" which had a strong presence in Coimbatore.

1996 - 30 December:
Brahmaputra Mail Train Bombing The Brahmaputra Mail train bombing was a terrorist attack on a train travelling in Lower Assam in Eastern India. The bomb totally wrecked three carriages of the train and derailed six more, killing at least 33 people. The bomb was of unknown composition, and had been left next to a line of track between Kokrajhar and Fakiragram stations. It is likely the bomb was detonated by a remote control device, and timed to cause maximum destruction, as the Brahmaputra Mail passenger service to New Delhi came past at high speed.

1993 - 12 March:
Bombay Bombings The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of thirteen bomb explosions that took place in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. The coordinated attacks were the most destructive bomb explosions in Indian history. The single-day attacks resulted in up to 250 civilian fatalities and 700 injuries. The attacks are believed to have been coordinated by Dawood Ibrahim, don of the organized crime syndicate named D-Company, which had operated as a terrorist organization. It is believed that the attacks were carried out in retaliation for widespread massacre of Muslims in Mumbai during December and January , and also the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

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Indian Railways
India has hundreds of thousands of miles of railway track, and over 14,000 trains criss-cross the country every day. These are tempting targets for many of the groups described above, and attacks on trains, whether direct assaults, bombings or deliberate derailing through sabotage are common.

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Massacre of Hindus and Sikhs in Kashmir (1993 - 2006)

April 30: 19 Hindus killed in remote villages of Panjdobi and Thava in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir
May 1: 13 Hindus killed in Vasantpur area of Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir
May 23: 7 Hindu tourists killed in grenade attack in Srinagar
May 25: 3 Hindu tourists killed, seven injured in grenade attack in Srinagar
May 31: 21 Hindu tourists wounded in grenade attack in Srinagar
June 12: 1 Amarnath pilgrim killed, 31 wounded in grenade attack in Jammu
June 12: 8 Hindu laborers killed, 5 wounded in Anantnag district
June 21: 5 Hindu Amarnath pilgrims injured in grenade attack in Ganderbal area of Srinagar
July 11: A series of grenade attacks - targeting Hindu tourists - killed eight people and injured 41 in Srinagar
July 12: 7 Hindu tourists were injured in a grenade attack in Srinagar

April 5: Seven persons killed in Pahalgam area of Anantnag district
June 12: 5 Hindu tourists killed in Pahalgam 2003
March 24: 24 Hindus killed in Nadimarg village near Shopian in Pulwama
July 7: 5 Hindus killed in Nowshahra

January 1: 6 Hindus killed in Magnar village of Poonch
January 7: 17 Hindus killed in Ramsoo area of Jammu district, 6 killed in Sonway in Pogal area of Banihal
February 17: 8 Hindus gunned down at Bhambal-Nerla village in Rajouri district
May 14: 33 persons, killed at Kaluchak on the Jammu-Pathankote highway
July 13: 28 Hindus killed in Rajiv Nagar in Jammu
August 6: 9 Amarnath pilgrims killed and 32 wounded at a base camp at Nunwan near Pahalgam
August 29: 10 Hindus killed in Rajouri and Doda districts
November 24: 14 killed and 53 injured at the historic Raghunath temple in Jammu

February 3: 8 Sikhs gunned down in Mahjoornagar in Srinagar
February 11: 15 Gujjar families massacred in Kot-Chadwal in Rajouri district
March 17: 8 killed near Atholi in Doda district
May 10: 8 Hindus killed in Paddar Kishtwar, Doda
July 21: 13 Hindus killed in Amarnath attack
July 21: 20 Hindus killed in Kishtwar, Doda
July 22: 15 Hindus killed in Cheergi and Tagood villages in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir
August 4: 15 Hindus gunned down in Shrotidar village in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir

February 28: Five Hindu drivers killed near Qazigund in Anantnag district
February 29: Five Sikh drivers killed in Qazikund, Kashmir Valley
March 20: 35 Sikhs killed in Chittisinghpura village near Jammu
August 1: 31 Hindus including Amarnath pilgrims killed in Pahalgam in Anantnag
August 1: 27 labourers killed in Qazigund and Achabal in Anantnag district
August 2: 7 Hindus killed in Kupwara district
August 2: 12 Hindus killed in Doda district of Jammu
August 2: 8 Hindus killed in Marwah, Doda
November 24: Five Hindus killed in Kishtwar, Doda

February 13: Five Hindus killed in Udhampur
February 19: 19 Hindus killed in Rajouri, 4 in Udhampur
June 29: 12 Hindu labourers from Bihar killed in Santhu village of Annatnag
July 1: Nine Hindus killed in Mendhar Poonch
July 15: 15 Hindus of Thathri village of Doda killed
July 19: 15 Hindus killed at Layata in Doda

January 26: 23 Kashmiri pandits killed in Wandhama in Valley
April 17: 29 Hindus killed in Prankot and Dhakikot villages of Udhampur
April 18: 27 Hindus killed at Prankote (Doda)
May 5: Five Hindus killed in Surankot Poonch
May 6: 11 Hindu Village Defence Committee members killed
June 19: 25 Hindus killed in Chapnari (Doda)
July 27: 20 Hindus killed in Kishtwar, Doda
August 8: Thirty-five labourers killed in Kalaban, bordering Doda and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh

January 25 17 Hindus killed in Sumber area of Doda district
January 26: 25 Kashmiri Pandits killed in Wundhama, Srinagar
April 7: Seven Kashmiri Pandits killed in Sangrampur
June 24: 8 Hindus killed in Swari (Rajouri)
September 24: Seven Hindus killed in Sawari village of Rajouri

January 5: 16 Hindus killed in Barshalla village of Doda
Januaryuary 12: Seven Hindus killed in Bhaderwah, Doda
May 6: 17 Hindus killed in Sumbar Ramban tehsil of Doda
June 7-8: Nine Hindus killed in Kamladi village of Doda

August 1: 17 Hindus killed in Sarthal in Bhaderwah area of Doda when Hindus were segregated from a bus


Institute of Peace & Conflict Studies - New Delhi, India

Major Attacks and Blasts in India since 2001 - 25 August 2007 http://in.reuters.com/article/topNews/idINIndia-29149720070825?sp=true

Chronology of Major Bomb Attacks in India - 13 May 2008

Hindutva Brotherhood - Kashmiri Hindu Liberation Army

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