Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Spain Terrorist Attacks/Incidents From 1961 to 2008

Spain Terrorist Attacks/Incidents

From 1961 To 2008

The majority of attacks have been carried out by Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, or ETA, an armed Basque Separatist movement in Spain.

2008 - 10 June: Madrid/Barcelona, Spain - Failed attack by Al Qaeda

2008 - 8 June: A bomb detonated at the presses of El Correo near the port city of Bilbao at about 3 a.m damaging the printing facilities of the Basque newspaper as people worked inside, but no one was reported injured. While ETA have not yet laid claim to this attack, it is rumored to be the doing of ETA.

2008 - 1 June: Following a warning call, at around 2:30 am early Sunday morning, a blast occurred outside the headquarters of a construction company, Construcciones Amenabar, in the town of Zarautz. There were casualties, though two people suffered ear damage from the noise of the explosion. ETA.

2008 - 19 May: At 00:50 CET, a bomb placed in a van exploded in front of the Real Club Marítimo in the neighborhood of Las Arenas - Areeta in Getxo, Biscay, usual meeting point of businessmen and politicians, causing no human losses. A call to the Basque road emergency service, DYA, one hour before had alerted of the forthcoming explosion. ETA.

2008 - 14 May: A bomb placed in a van exploded at 3am outside the Civil Guard barracks at Legutiano, Álava, killing one policeman, Juan Manuel Piñuel Villalón, and injuring four. On May 30, ETA claimed responsibility.

2008 - 12 May: Two small bombs have damaged construction equipment in an attack claimed by the Basque separatist group. Basque Interior Ministry says in a statement that the bombs targeted bulldozers at a construction site in Hernani, near Donostia-San Sebastian, but no one was hurt. ETA admitted responsibility for a bomb attack on a construction site for the region's new AVE high-speed train network.

2008 - 1 May: Three bombs blamed by police on Basque separatist group ETA exploded early Thursday in northern Spain's Basque region, causing damage but no reports of casualties. The bombs are rumored to be a response to the arrest and jailing of ANV mayor Inocencia Galparsoro, the Mayor of Mondragón. The first -- and largest -- explosion in an industrial pavilion for Spain's Ministry of Labor in the Basque town of Arrigorriaga. The other two bombs exploded half an hour later near a Basque regional government labor institute in the large Basque city of Donostia-San Sebastian. These two were preceded by warning calls, thus causing little damage, according to the spokesman.

2008 - 19 April: For the second time in three days, a bomb went off in northern Spain Sunday preceded by a warning call by the Basque separatist group ETA. The blast damaged the recreation center of the ruling Socialist Party in the Basque town of Elgoibar. No one was hurt.

2008 - 17 April: A bomb blast outside the office of Spain's ruling Socialist party in Bilbao, was blamed on Basque separatist group ETA after a traditional phone call to DYA, and caused serious damage to the building but no casualties. However, 7 policemen were injured.

2008 - 30 March: Two small bombs exploded near Azpeitia with minor damage near a television transmitter. No injuries were reported. ETA.

2008 - 21 March: A car bomb explodes outside a Guardia Civil barracks in Calahorra, Rioja, injuring one policeman lightly and causing extensive property damage. ETA.

2008 - 7 March: An ETA gunman kills Isaías Carrasco, former town councilor for Mondragón, on his way to work, two days before the General Elections.

2007 - 1 December: Three gunmen kill one Spanish civil guard and mortally wounded another (who died 4 days later) in Capbreton, France. The gunmen escaped in a car, later commandeering a second in their getaway. ETA.

2007 - 11 November: Madrid, Spain Assault General by Neo-Nazi movement

2007 - 3 November: Madrid, Spain Threat by Al Qaeda

2007 - 24 October: Burgos, Spain Failed attack by an unknown group

2007 - 23 October: Madrid, Spain Failed attack by Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)

2007 - 15 October: Madrid, Spain Failed attack by an unknown group

2007 - 7 October: Girona, Spain Suicide vehicle by an unknown group

2007 - 7 October: Barcelona, Spain Assault General by an unknown group

2007 - 2 October: San Sebastian, Spain Failed attack

2007 - 9 October: A car bomb explodes in the La Pena area of Bilbao, injuring one. ETA.

2007 - 20 September: Barcelona & Madrid, Spain Failed attack by an unknown group

2007 - 14 September: Andoain, Spain Failed attack by an unknown group

2007 - 9 September: Huge ETA car bomb fails to go off outside regional Defense ministry in Logroño.

2007 - 2 September: An small bomb explodes in Fuenmayor, La Rioja, no injuries. ETA.

2007 - 25 August: ETA kidnaps a family and steals their Camper Van. Later, they carried the Van with explosives and detonated it in an olive grove near Castellon after being faced with the police. ETA had been planning to use the explosives for imminent attacks. The family was freed some days later.

2007 - 24 August: A van bomb explodes in front of Civil Guard's cuartel in Durango, injuring two Guardia Civil officers. Another car bomb, supposed to be the one used to run away, explodes minutes later in Amorebieta. ETA.

2007 - 25 July: Two small bombs, claimed to be from ETA, exploded along the Tour de France route in Spain, there were no injuries reported.

2007 - 10 July: A suspected ETA member is arrested at the bus station in Santander, Spain armed with a gun, fake ID, bomb components and plans of at least two targets including the ferry terminal connecting Santander to Plymouth. Some media reported the Santander-Plymouth ferry was the target, although according to the The Plymouth Evening Herald, this was not the case.

2007 - 30 June: An apparently hoaxed ETA bomb threat calls in to Basque newspaper Gara leads to the evacuation of the Ibiza airport. Police find two suspicious items in the airport car park: a shoe box and a backpack. A bomb-investigating robot found the shoe box to be empty; the backpack was destroyed by controlled explosion.

2007 - 26 June: Barcelona, Spain Failed attack by Al Qaeda

2007 - 5 June: ETA announces that the ceasefire is over.

2007 - 28 May: Barcelona, Spain Threat by Al Qaeda

2006 - 30 December: A bomb attack at terminal T4 of Madrid Barajas airport. Two Ecuadorian immigrants (Diego Armando Estacio Civizapa and Carlos Alonso Palate), who were napping inside their cars in the parking garage die as a consequence of the explosion. ETA.

2006 - April: The Sidi Bel Abbas sanctuary arson occurred in the Spanish exclave of Ceuta. This structure, built to commemorate 12th-century Muslim saint Sidi Bel Abbas, was burned by unknown parties. This action was widely believed to have been committed as an anti-Muslim act, particularly as several other attacks on Muslim religious centers in Spain occurred in 2005-2006. However, others have hypothesized that the sanctuary was burned by Salafist elements, who doctrinally object to the veneration of any human.

2006 - 22 March: ETA declares a "permanent ceasefire" after nearly 40 years fighting for independence from Spanish and French authorities. "Euskadi Ta Askatasuna has decided to declare a permanent ceasefire as of 0000 (2300 GMT) on 24 March 2006".

2006 - 5 March: Following the February 2006 deaths of ETA members Igor Miguel Angulo Iturrate, aged 32 (due to an apparent suicide by hanging), and Ricardo Sainz Olmos, aged 41 (as a result of an apparent heart attack), Batasuna together with the union Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak call a day of protest and general strike on March 9. On the morning of the strike, ETA detonates several bombs near highways, causing no injuries.

2006 - 14 February: A car bomb exploded at a discotheque in northern Spain causing damage but no injuries because police had cleared the area after a traditional warning call in the name of the Basque separatist group ETA.

2006 - 6 February: Zaragoza, Spain Handgun by First of October Antifascist Resistance Group (GRAPO)

2006 - 26 January: ETA detonated a bomb beside the court of justice of Balmaseda and another one in the premises of Correos postal service in Etxebarri, both in Biscay, causing material damages and no personal injuries.

2005 - 21 December: ETA detonated a bomb inside a van in the back alley of a nightclub in Santesteban, Navarre. No injuries were reported. The nightclub suffered extensive structural damages and some buildings around it suffered damages too.

2005 - 18 December: ETA detonated a bomb inside an eel cannery in Irura, Guipúzcoa. No injuries were reported although the cannery suffered extensive damage. The police reports that the bombing is part of an extensive extortion campaign of ETA to Basque business owners.

2005 - 6 December: On Spanish Constitution Day, ETA detonated five bombs along Madrid highways. No injuries were reported. Also, in northern Spain, Santander Airport was closed following a threat of an attack using grenade launchers.

2005 - 24 September: ETA suspected of a car bomb attack in the northern Spanish province of Avila.

2005 - 27 February: A small bomb exploded at a resort hotel in Villajoyosa after a telephoned warning. The building was evacuated and no one was injured. The explosion damaged only a small house near the residence's swimming pool. ETA.

2005 - 9 February: ETA blows a white Renault 19 car with 30 kg of cloratite. The car was placed to the side of the building of Steria Iberica, in Madrid. A total of 42 people resulted with minor injuries.

2004 - 12 December: The Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu stadium football Stadium was evacuated due to a phone-in bomb threat on behalf of ETA. The bomb—expected to blow up at 9:00 p.m.—does not explode, and the 69,000 spectators of the match are safely evacuated by the Spanish Police at 8:45 p.m.

2004 - 6 December: On Spanish Constitution Day, ETA detonated seven bombs in bars, cafes and town squares across Spain.

2004 - 3 December: ETA bombs 5 petrol stations in the Madrid area. Due to a telephoned warning, the areas were evacuated and no one was injured.

2004 - 27 September: Almeria, Spain Threat by Suicide Brigades of Andalucía

2004 - 27 September: ETA militants send a videotape to Gara, a Basque newspaper based in Gipuzkoa, in which the militants state that ETA would continue to fight for Basque self-determination and that ETA would "respond with arms against those who deny us through the force of arms." This videotape represented ETA's first major public statement since the 11 March attacks. During the weekend preceding the videotape release, the group claimed responsibility for a series of bombings that had hampered electricity transmission between France and Spain.

2004 - 2 April: Madrid, Spain Failed attack by Al Qaeda

2004 - 11 March: Madrid Train Bombings (also known as 11/3 and in Spanish as 11-M) consisted of a series of coordinated bombings against the Cercanías (commuter train) system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004 (three days before Spain's general elections), killing 191 people and wounding 1,755. The official investigation by the Spanish Judiciary determined the attacks were directed by an al-Qaeda-inspired terrorist cell although no direct al-Qaeda participation (only "inspiration") has been established. Spanish nationals who sold the explosives to the terrorists were also arrested.

2003 - 24 December: ETA attempts to blow 50 kg of explosives inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station at 3:55 p.m. on Christmas Eve. The police thwarted the attempt when they stopped Garikoitz Arruarte trying to load 28 kg of explosives into a Madrid-bound train in San Sebastián. Another bomb with over 20 kg of explosives was then found inside a second train passing near Burgos, already several hundred kilometers on its way to Madrid.

2003 - 30 May: A car bomb in Navarre kills two policemen and wounds a civilian. ETA.

2002 - 22 December: Ibon Fernandez Iradi, who is suspected of teaching ETA members how to manufacture IEDs, escapes from custody in a police station in Bayonne.

2002 - 4 August: Car bomb explodes outside the Civil Guard's casa cuartel in Santa Pola and kills two people, a six-year-old girl and a 54 year old man, and injuring 40 people. ETA.

2001 - 16 October: Catalan, Spain Failed attack by Italian Anarchist Black Cross

2001 - 2 September: A home-made bomb explodes at 9 a.m. in Vitoria in an electronics store owned by an officer of the Ertzaintza regional police force. The bomb damages cars but causes no personal injuries. ETA.

2001 - 27 August: Days after a series of raids, ETA warns the authorities about a bomb they set to explode at around 8 a.m. in Madrid Barajas Airport. The 40 to 50 kg of explosives placed inside a stolen car explode on the second floor of Terminal 2 (national flights) car park, causing only material damage.

2001 - 27 July: Three people were injured at 2:30 a.m. when a powerful explosion occurred in front of the La Caixa bank in downtown Madrid. In the same day, Spanish authorities deactivated what was described as a "massive" car bomb in an airport in Malaga, a major tourist destination. An ETA caller warned ahead of time that the bomb was set.

2001 - 26 July: Barcelona, Spain Package bomb by First of October Antifascist Resistance Group (GRAPO)

2001 - 14 July: Twin attacks by ETA claim the lives of two within hours of each other. Jose Javier Múgica, 50, a regional councilor and member of the center-right Union of the People of Navarra party, dies after a car bomb is placed in his van in the northern village of Leiza; Mikel Uribe, 44, a police officer from the General Inspection Unit (Internal Affairs) of the Ertzaintza, dies after being shot from behind in his car in the town of Leaburu. CNN reports that hundreds of Spaniards have gathered in city and town halls around Spain to silently protest two killings blamed on the "Basque terrorist group ETA". The cities include Pamplona, Vitoria and Zaragoza.

2001 - 10 July: Luis Ortiz de la Rosa, 33, a police officer, is killed at 8:30 p.m. in a southern neighborhood in Madrid when a car bomb explodes. The blast also injures twelve. A call from ETA 45 minutes before had been made, and police were clearing the area when the bomb detonated.

2001 - 24 May: Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta, 54, the chief financial officer of El Diario Vasco (The Basque Daily), the most widely circulated newspaper in Guipúzcoa, dies instantly after being shot in the head. The attack was likely motivated by the anti-ETA editorials of 'El Diario. Thousands of Spaniards participate in a silent march through San Sebastian to protest the killing of journalist Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta. Banners are held that read "No to ETA – Peace And Freedom." Spanish reporters release a statement with the words "However much they kill and try to impose their cause through terror we, as media professionals, will defend the freedom of expression that took so long to achieve in this country."

2001 - 12 May: Thirteen people are injured when a car bomb explodes in Madrid days before regional elections in the Basque County. Eight minutes before the bomb exploded, an anonymous ETA caller warned authorities.

2000 - 31 December: Seville, Spain Car bomb by an unknown group

2000 - 18 December: A bomb is placed inside an elevator of the Faculty of Journalism of the University of the Basque Country in Lejona (Vizcaya). The bomb was detected in time by Prof. Edurne Uriarte's bodyguard, and then deactivated. ETA.

2000 - 30 September: Madrid, Spain Package bomb by First of October Antifascist Resistance Group (GRAPO)

2000 - 29 September: Barcelona, Spain Package bomb by First of October Antifascist Resistance Group (GRAPO)

2000 - 27 September: Seville, Valencia and Vigo, Spain. Package bomb

1999 - 21/22 December: The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a Madrid-bound van driven by ETA members and loaded with 950 kg of explosives near Calatayud (Zaragoza); the next day, another van loaded with 750 kg is found not far from there. The incident is known as "la caravana de la muerte" (the caravan of death). Shortly after 9/11, ETA confirmed their plan had been to use those 1,700 kg to blow down Torre Picasso (online report with video in Spanish).

1999 - 8 June: Zaragoza, Spain Mail bomb by Red Brigades (BR)

1999 - 7 June: Burgos, Spain Mail bomb by Red Brigades (BR)

1997: Abduction of Basque councilor Miguel Angel Blanco, prompting six million Spaniards to join mass demonstrations against ETA. The organization asks the government to relocate all imprisoned ETA members in prisons closer to the Basque Country in 48 hours. When the government does not accept this demand, Miguel Angel Blanco is executed.

1995 - 11 December: A car bomb explodes at the passing of military van in the Vallecas borough of Madrid, killing 6 civilians who worked for the Army. ETA.

1995 - 19 April: Nearly successful attempt to kill José María Aznar, the leader of Spain's right-wing opposition and future Prime Minister. A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of explosives is detonated at the passing of his official car. He is saved by his vehicle's armor plating but a bystander is killed in the blast. ETA.

1995: Assassination plot on King Juan Carlos of Spain failed. ETA.

1993 - 21 June: A car bomb explodes at the passing of a military van at the junction of López de Hoyos and Joaquín Costa streets in Madrid, killing 6 soldiers and 1 civilian and injuring 20 people. ETA.

1991 - 29 May: A car bomb loaded with 70 kg of explosives is detonated inside the Civil Guard's Casa Cuartel in Vic (Barcelona), which was located next to a school. 10 people are killed (4 of them children) and 28 are injured. ETA.

1988 - 15 April: Humosa, Spain Telecommunications attack by an unknown group

1988 - 7 March: Gibraltar Failed attack by Irish Republican Army (IRA)

1987 - 26 December: Barcelona, Spain Incendiary bomb small

1987 - 11 December: 250 kg of explosives inside a car bomb explode next to the Civil Guard's Casa Cuartel in Zaragoza, killing 11 people and injuring 40. ETA.

1987 - 19 June: A car bomb explodes in the underground car park of an Hipercor supermarket in Barcelona, killing 21 civilians and injuring 45, amongst them several small children. ETA.

1987 - 15 April: Madrid, Spain Mortar by Japanese Red Army (JRA)

1986 - 14 July: A car bomb on República Dominicana square in Madrid explodes at the passing of a small bus carrying young Civil Guards, killing 12 of them and injuring 50 people. ETA.

1985 - September: First ETA car bomb in Madrid kills an American citizen and wounds 16 Civil Guards.

1985 - July (day unknown): Madrid, Spain Package bomb by Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)

1984 - 12 April: Torrejon, Spain Package bomb by Hezbollah (Party of God)

1977 - 13 October: Spain, Oman, and Somalia Hijacking by Red Army Faction (RAF)

1977 - 27 March: CIIM terrorists bombed a florist shop in Las Palmas Airport, seriously injuring eight people. Members then threatened to explode a second bomb in the airport, forcing police to shut down air traffic while they searched for the bomb. The sudden re-routing of all flights to the Los Rodeos Airport, in addition to various other factors, was blamed for Los Rodeos disaster, the airplane crash with the highest number of fatalities to date, when two Boeing 747 airliners collided resulting in the death of 583 people.

1977 - 24 January: The 1977 Massacre of Atocha was a neo-fascist attack during the Spanish transition to democracy after Franco's death in 1975, killing five and injuring four. It was committed in an office located on 77 Atocha Street near Atocha railway station in Madrid, where specialists of labor law, members of the Workers' Commissions trade union (CCOO), and of the then clandestine Communist Party of Spain (PCE), had gathered. The next day, the massacre was revindicated by a group calling itself Alianza Apostólica Anticomunista (Triple A or AAA). The suspects arrested were close to Blas Piñar's Fuerza Nueva far-right party, the Falange-JONS and the Franco Guard.

1977 - 3 January: CIIM bombed the offices of South African Airways in Las Palmas, its first attack.

1974 - 13 September: A bomb is placed inside the "Rolando" cafeteria in Madrid, killing 12 civilians. ETA.

1973 - 20 December: Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated in Madrid in retaliation for the government's execution of Basque separatists. ETA.

1968: Melitón Manzanas, a secret police chief in the Basque city of San Sebastian, is killed in ETA's first deadly attack.

1961: First ETA attack, an unsuccessful attempt to derail a train.

* * *


List of ETA Attacks -

EUROPOL: EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report TE-SAT 2008

The Terrorism Research Center

1 comment:

jim said...

EXCLUSIVE: Part 2 - Al Qaeda to kidnap tourists
Glen Jenvey went undercover recently posing as a British journalist, to speak with Omar Bakri, head of the British wing of Al Qaeda's Global Jihad that is now headed up in our country by Anjem Choudry.

This interview was a follow on from Part 1: Al Qaeda & Hostages after Edwin Dyer was beheaded by Al Qaeda in North Africa because the British government would not release Osama Bin Laden's European ambassador Abu Qatada who is currently in prison awaiting extradition back to Jordan to face terror charges there.

Omar Bakri has stated that any non-Moslems entering Islamic lands now face the risk of being kidnapped and imprisoned, with the risk of being beheaded like Mr Dyer.

Egypt, Morocco, and Turkey, all popular holiday destinations where British and Western tourists have already been targeted by Al Qaeda, have all been singled out as places that are now vulnerable for tourists.

Travel to these places, and any other Islamic country at your own peril.